||'In the Name of Allah, Most Beneficent, Most Merciful'.
||A small apostrophe-like shape written above a
letter. It represents a short vowel 'u' (like the 'u' sound in 'who'
but only stretched for 1 count).
||This is formed by adding the prefix "al" to the
noun. "Al" is equal to "the" in English and it should be connected
to the noun.
||A short diagonal stroke written above a letter. It represents a short vowel
'a' (like the 'a' sound in hat).
||The sound that is produced from the nose and the tongue is not used. The duration of the ghunnah sound is for 2 counts.
|The vowel movements.
||The blending or assimilation of the sound of 2 letters.
||The hiding or concealment of the sound of a letter.
||The changing or turning of the sound of a letter.
||The clarity of the sound of a letter.
||A short diagonal stroke written below a letter. It represents a short vowel
'i' (like the 'i' sound in 'bee' but only stretched for 1 count).
||The incorrect pronunciation of a letter.
||The prolongation of the sound of a vowel.
|The prescribed point of exit, or the point at which
the sound originates.
||A letter which carries a vowel.
||A small 'w' written above a letter. This represents a letter that has been doubled, and therefore sounds stronger.
|The manner of articulation (the characteristics of
the letters and recitation).
||A small semi or full circle written above a letter. This represents a letter which does not have a vowel. It also joins 2 letters.
||Also known as full mouth or thick letters. The elevation of the back of the tongue, resulting in a thick sound.
||To improve, make better. The correct pronunciation during recitation.
||Vowels that produce a "nn" sound immediately after it.
||Known as 'fattatain', 2 fattahs written above a letter (like the
'an' sound in 'man'). It is usually supported by an alif.
||Known as 'kasratain', 2 kasrahs written below a letter (like the
'in' sound in 'win').
||Known as 'dammatain', 2 dammahs written above a letter (like the
'un' sound in 'bun').
||The opposite of 'tafkheem'. Also known as empty mouth or thin letters. The lowering of the back of the tongue, resulting in a flat sound.
||The measured recitation of the Quran in rhythmic tones.
||'I seek refuge in Allah from the rejected shaitaan'
||To pause or to make a stop by breaking off the breath at the end of the word.
||The opposite of waqf. The joining of verses / sentences without stopping.