The Arabic AlphabetThe table shows the letters of the alphabet in their possible states, depending on whether they are isolated or together with other letters in a word. If it is in a word, its form is affected by its position within the word, whether initial, middle or final. This causes a letter to have 4 possible forms, 1 when alone, and 3 when in a word: initial, middle and final.
There are 6 letters that do not allow any letter to join with them from the left. These letters are :
Click here to view a printable chart about these letters.
The correct recitation of the Qur'an that is achieved by giving each letter its due (using the organs of speech) through:
There are 16 letters of the Arabic alphabet which can be likened to various letters of the English alphabet :
The following letters do not have an English equivalent. These are :
In the English language we use letters for vowels, whereas in the Arabic language we use symbols, or a combination of symbols and letters. Also, the Arabic language has short and long vowels, whereas the English language has just the one type.
SHORT VOWELS (1 count)
The letter on which the symbol appears is read by doubling it. (e.g R would become RR) So the first letter (R) is read as if there would be a sukoon (stop) on the it and the second (R) with a harakat (vowel)
'Tabba' ( ) should be read as 'tab-ba' (2 ب 's),
not as 'tab' ( )
(1 ب )
In its original form it can be dissected as
Caution - when there are a couple or a few tashdeeds together in one, two or three words, then utmost care should be taken to ensure that all the tashdeeds are recited correctly. It is a common mistake to be neglectful of these collective tashdeeds