Madd Caused by Hamza

These are of two types :

Mutasil Waajib  ﻣﺪ ‌ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ‌واﺟﺐ (Obligatory connected Madd)

Munfasil Jaa'iz ﻣﺪ ‌ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻞ ‌ﺟﺎﺋﺰ (Permitted separate Madd)

Mutasil Waajib

Requirements :

Effect :

  • The sound is elongated by 4 or 5 counts obligatory (‌واﺟﺐ)

Further Notes :

  • If recitation is stopped , it is elongated 4, 5 or 6 counts

Examples

Madd Letter   (Surah:Verse)

Extract from Verse

(110:1)

(13:25)

(89:23)

Munfasil Jaa'iz

Requirements :

Effect :

  • The sound is elongated by 4 or 5 counts
  • However, according to the way of Tayyibah outlined by Imam Ibn Al-Jazaree in An-Nashr, it is permissable to shorten it to 2 counts, hence its name 'jaa'iz'
  • (ﺟﺎﺋﺰ)

Examples

Madd Letter   (Surah:Verse)

Extract from Verse

(108:1)

(66:6)

(106:4)

Exercise - Identify the Munfasil Jaa'iz Madd, then click on 'answer'

 

 

NB :

For non-arabic speaking people, it may not always be clear as to whether the hamzah is part of the first word, or the second

E.g.

(2:21)  
 

The right hand side is how it will appear in the Qur'an, the left hand side is the make-up of this.

It seems that the hamzah is part of the first word, when actually it is part of the second. Therefore, as a general rule, it may be safer for such people who are not 100% sure to remain consistent with their counts for both mutasil and munfasil - i.e choose the same length of elongation for both, either the 4 or 5 counts.

 

Click on the 'Summary Chart for Madd' link on the right hand sidebar to view a summarised chart for the types and branches of Madd