The Rules of Meem Saakina

 

Idghaam Ikhfaa Ith'haar
The rules of are called shafawee ( ﺷَﻔﻮي  ) as the makhraj of the is the lips (shafatain = pair of lips)

 

Idghaam Shafawee

  • Presence of a followed by another
  • The first one carries a and the second carries a vowel
  • Hence, a will be created and shown on the second
  • Resulting in ghunnah, held for 2 counts

Example

Extract from Verse Surah : Verse Audio
(104:8)

(106:4)  

Ikhfaa Shafawee

  • Presence of a followed by a
  • The carries a saakin and the carries a vowel
  • Ghunnah is pronounced, for 2 counts
  • The is concealed by the ghunnah

Another opinion in which this particular ghunnah is recited, is that the lips should remain slightly open, just enough as to allow a sheet of paper to pass through

Example

Extract from Verse Surah : Verse Audio
(105:4)

(88:22)

 

Click 'here' to view practice exercises for the rules of Meem Saakina with ghunnah (Ikhfaa & Idghaam)

Ith-haar Shafawee

  • Presence of a followed by any letter other than or
  • The carries a saakin (), and the second letter carries a vowel

  • There is no ghunnah, and the is pronounced clearly,

 

Example

Extract from Verse Surah : Verse Audio
(98:8)

(98:8)

 

Click 'here' to view practice exercises for the rules of Meem Saakina without ghunnah (Ithhaar)

 

SUMMARY

Click here to view a printable chart depicting the Rules of Meem Saakin (مْ)