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Madd Caused by Hamza

These are of two types :

Mutasil Waajib  ﻣﺪ ‌ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ‌واﺟﺐ (Obligatory connected Madd)

Munfasil Jaa'iz ﻣﺪ ‌ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻞ ‌ﺟﺎﺋﺰ (Permitted separate Madd)

Mutasil Waajib

Requirements :

Effect :

  • The sound is elongated by 4 or 5 counts obligatory (‌واﺟﺐ)

Further Notes :

  • If recitation is stopped , it is elongated 4, 5 or 6 counts

Examples

Madd Letter   (Surah:Verse)

Extract from Verse

(110:1)

(13:25)

(89:23)

Munfasil Jaa'iz

Requirements :

Effect :

  • The sound is elongated by 4 or 5 counts
  • However, according to the way of Tayyibah outlined by Imam Ibn Al-Jazaree in An-Nashr, it is permissable to shorten it to 2 counts, hence its name 'jaa'iz'
  • (ﺟﺎﺋﺰ)

Examples

Madd Letter   (Surah:Verse)

Extract from Verse

(108:1)

(66:6)

(106:4)

Exercise - Identify the Munfasil Jaa'iz Madd, then click on 'answer'

 

 

NB :

For non-arabic speaking people, it may not always be clear as to whether the hamzah is part of the first word, or the second

E.g.

(2:21)  
 

The right hand side is how it will appear in the Qur'an, the left hand side is the make-up of this.

It seems that the hamzah is part of the first word, when actually it is part of the second. Therefore, as a general rule, it may be safer for such people who are not 100% sure to remain consistent with their counts for both mutasil and munfasil - i.e choose the same length of elongation for both, either the 4 or 5 counts.

 

Click on the 'Summary Chart for Madd' link on the right hand sidebar to view a summarised chart for the types and branches of Madd

 

Summary Chart of the types and branches of Madd Cannot open the Summary Chart? Click to download the latest version of Adobe Reader

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